“At-Source and On-Demand” Green Hydrogen Strategy
Vytas is progressing its Green Hydrogen Strategy, which is reshaping the company given the potential to be a project with global significance.
Advantages of “On Demand” Hydrogen
Hydrogen on demand where hydrogen is produced without the need for energy inputs, and on-site (ie in a car, heavy machinery, the ship etc etc). The benefits of Vytas Resources’ “on site, on demand” hydrogen process are:
By producing hydrogen at source and on demand, Vytas’ approach negates the safety, costs and infrastructure challenges relating to storage and logistics.
Target markets include anywhere where safety is paramount: automotive, heavy machinery, shipping, rail, defence, disaster response, mining, agriculture, remote townships and grid scale applications.
Vytas’ hydrogen can be produced using renewable energy or waste industrial heat.
The Vytas process can utilise brackish or salt water, preserving our valuable fresh water resources. Many of our peers require fresh water which is a major impediment long term sustainability.
Waste Product the Initial Feedstock:
The waste product from Vytas’ hydrogen production can simply be recycled; hence the process is circular.
Vytas’ process of using a nano porous material to dissociate the water molecule to release hydrogen was used in the early part of the 20th century to produce high quality hydrogen on scale. Similar technologies are still utilised today by industry and defence.
The maiden production of hydrogen is a fraction of our peers, with recycled material delivering significant additional savings.
Vytas is targeting an opex which is anti-inflationary compared to current fuels sources including fossil fuels.
Scale and Recyclable Feedstock:
Sufficient feedstock to supply more than 100% of the forecasted 2050 global green hydrogen demand and recyclable.
Security of Supply and Energy Security:
Vytas’ “on demand and at source” hydrogen, can deliver energy security in the case shipping channels are disrupted.
Understanding “At-Source and On-Demand” Green Hydrogen
Please find the following YouTube link to understand Vytas’ “At-Source and On-Demand” Green Hydrogen Strategy.
The Office of Naval Research (ONR) Global TechSolutions program sponsored an effort by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Lincoln Laboratory to convert nano-porous aluminum into hydrogen fuel, which could potentially serve as a portable, readily available power source. Marines saw a demonstration of a TechSolutions project that involved a fuel-generation prototype device — called the Hydrogen Tactical Refueling Point (H-TaRP) — at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Part of this demonstration included Marines learning how to assemble the H-TaRP as well as receiving a static demonstration of how the H-TaRP equipment works.
Vytas’ material has greater efficiency than aluminium and material cost benefits in the production of hydrogen including cost, power to weight ratio and heat.
“On Demand” Hydrogen vs Electrolysis
The traditional way of thinking about hydrogen is electrolysis or some other pathway to produce hydrogen and then face the safety and engineering challenges of storage and logistics. This simply doesn’t make sense as it is dangerous and encounters many costs that are not disclosed by peers. A cost summary as per the IEA and the recent Deloitte hydrogen paper is as follows:
- The IEA report estimated the cost of producing hydrogen using gas (which is probably no longer possible/ desirable given Russian gas concerns) ranges from USD$1-$2.80 opex
- If renewables rather than gas is used, the USD$1-$2.80/kg H2 increases to USD$3-7/kg H2 plus the additional costs.
- The hidden additional costs are as follows
- A$0.45/kg H2 – $0.89/kg H2 for transport to markets (Singapore, China from Port Hedland) (source: Deloittes); plus
- the unknown costs of converting to a form that can be transported; plus
- the cost of converting back to hydrogen; plus
- the cost of reducing the temperature to minus 250 degrees; plus
- the cost of transporting to the end user; plus
- the cost of storage.
There has been a blind belief that Australia has a sun, therefore it has a monopoly over renewables and thus hydrogen!
Australia and the states are currently investigating green hydrogen as part of the clean energy solution, which may include investing and subsidising infrastructure for the storage and logistics of hydrogen and hydrogen hubs which may be “already” obsolete.